present perfect past simple

In other words, the event is already over and finished.

  • The present perfect connects the past and the present. Example: I bought a new bike. It happened today or right now (Present): I am talking to Mary on the phone. Madonna _____ (record) many albums and will probably make many more. In other words, present perfect is listed under the present tense because the event usually took place just now or recently. You can improve your English right now by signing up for a free trial. Each video comes with interactive captions and subtitles so you understand every word while also learning about English culture. You might have noticed how the verb “to talk” changed depending on the tense of the sentence. Present Perfect Continuous: I have been talking to Mary for three hours now. We use the past simple with how long, for, since to talk about actions or situations that started and finished in the past. The Present Perfect tense is a rather important tense in English, but it gives speakers of some languages a difficult time. Past Continuous: I was talking to Mary when you came in. I was very confused and it was only later that I learned the differences between the two. Free interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to print. That is because it uses concepts or ideas that do not exist in those languages. I ______ English for 5 years now. If you’re still confused, no worries. In both cases, the focus is on telling of the action (“dancing a lot,” “walking home”) that took place in the past and not on the results or consequences of the action. 4. I hope by the time you finish reading it, the differences are clear in your head and you’ll never be confused about the two again. 4419. Now they can watch the film. © 2021 Enux Education Limited. ), “Have you done your homework?” (A yes/no answer is wanted.). (“Eat” changes to “ate”). John and Peggy . Last year we . After all, they both refer to events that already happened and are now in the past. Some sentences to practise both the structures and the uses of the present perfect and the simple past. I use the present perfect because the question is about results: « show me ». Why (you/call/not) him yet? Use the present perfect with "already," "just," and "yet" to speak about recent actions. Present Perfect Simple: Past Simple: Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present: I've known Julie for ten years (and I still know her). When I went to the car park, I found that my car ______ . Or you could try writing them on your own and checking the answers below. Present Perfect Tense. Where were you? To write a sentence in the simple past, we have to convert the verb to its simple past form. Verb Tense Exercise 5 Simple Past and Present Perfect f t p Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. Tenses tell us whether a particular action has already happened, is happening or will happen. For irregular verbs, the participle forms must be memorized. The simple past tense is used for actions that started in the past and ended in the past as well. The present perfect and simple past test helps you practice your English verb tenses. Future Perfect Continuous: I will have been talking to Mary for two hours at 3:00. (just telling what I did in the past.) Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of, Inc, or its affiliates. Now you know how you can still use present tense to talk about a past event. Present Continuous: I am talking to Mary right now. But verb conjugation can be tricky to get a hang of. The best way to explain this is to rewrite the above example in each of the sub-tenses. The verbs we use tell us which tense is being used. Yes, the present perfect is one of the forms of the present tense. These two verb tenses are very often confused. (Even though the time is mentioned here, the action is still ongoing or continuing into the present—we still know each other.). John ______ in Paris for 4 years before he could speak French fluently. Tenses, as some of you may already know, are a way of measuring time. Example: I have bought a new bike. It is used to show that an action or situation in the past:
  • -continues today, … In short, the simple past is used when talk about events that already finished. records. Choose the correct words or phrases. The Top 8 Common English Diphthong Sounds with Examples, 9 Online English Speaking Courses to Become a Confident English Speaker, 8 Ways to Learn Professional English by Living Your Life, 7 English Pronunciation Apps to Speak Clear, Confident English in 2021, Game On! In other words, to convert a verb to the present perfect, we can use this simple formula: So if the verb is to fly, then the present perfect form would be: has/have + flown, as in the following examples: For regular verbs, the participle and simple past forms are the same. Learning English becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Task No. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, take your English skills to the next level, Why Wait? So be consistent and motivated about learning and you’ll be fluent in English before you know it! In English, there are three main tenses: past, present and future. Test yourself with our free English language quiz about 'Past Simple & Present Perfect'. But in most cases of the present perfect, the time of the action is “unfinished” or unspecified, like in this example: He has been on an exchange program to Sweden. We use the present perfect with how long, for, since to talk about actions or situations that started in the past and still continue or are still true now. Welcome to the Grammar Gameshow! It will happen tomorrow or even later (Future): I will talk tho Mary at work tomorrow. Verb + ed / irregular verb ); The simple past tense is preferred when we identify the person or thing responsible for a present situation. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. In the simple past, there is no connection to the present as in the present perfect. She walked home from the party. Moreover, we use this tense when we know the exact or specific details of the time of the event (such as yesterday, the previous winter, last year, five hours ago and so on). In the present perfect, we use the helping verbs has or have along with the “participle” form of the main verb (which is the verb that indicates the action). I wrote a few lines of the story in my notebook last week. The Present perfect is used to talk about. Click here for more information about the present perfect tense, Click here for more information about the past simple tense, Present perfect or past simple exercise 1, Present perfect or past simple exercise 2, Present perfect or past simple exercise 3, Present perfect or past simple exercise 4. Past simple / Present perfect (simple / continuous) Past simple and Present perfect. In each example, the action was finished within a certain time frame. Complete the sentences. Download this exercise in PDF. Click here to review how to make the present perfect. Compare: John has broken another window. Past Perfect: I had talked to Mary before eating dinner. The formation of the present perfect is given below. Once you’re confident, we can look at them in greater detail and focus on the exceptions. (= The cat is still in. So in this post, I’m going to explain the differences between the present perfect and the simple past in a very simple way. The difference is the following: Present Perfect denotes recent actions and events which are connected with the present. The simple past tense is more common in US English, while the present perfect is used much more in British English. ), My husband and I have known each other for five years now. All it takes is a bit of practice and soon it’ll become second nature. I use the simple past tense because the question is about activities, and the school day is considered finished. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos. For more information on forms of the present perfect (simple), see Present perfect simple: positive. Simple Present: I talk to Mary at least once a day. There’s also a “quiz mode” after every video where you can put to practice what you’ve learned. : Finished actions: I knew my friend Anne for fifteen years (but then she moved abroad and we lost touch). the car. Present perfect or past simple worksheets and online activities. can take anywhere. It looks new again. Let’s take a regular verb like to walk and an irregular verb like to eat, for example. In the past perfect, our reference point is in the past. We CAN'T use the present perfect with a finished time word. Daughter: I (wash) the dishes yesterday, but I (have / not) the time yet to do it today. For regular verbs, there are a few rules regarding how to convert them. These events may be ongoing or completed but usually, the events took place recently and the time is unspecified. Remember that the present perfect is for experiences and the simple past is for specific times in the past. Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present: A finished action in someone's life (when the person is still alive: life experience): A finished action in someone's life (when the person is dead): A finished action with a result in the present: A finished action with no result in the present: With an unfinished time word (this week, this month, today): With a finished time word (last week, last month, yesterday): We use the past simple for past events or actions which have no connection to the present. The good news is, the more you practice the better you’ll be. The present perfect tense is formed by Have/Has + Past Participle. Both Present Perfect and Past Simple are used to talk about a completed action. He (tell/already) you why he won’t be able to come. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to I talked to Maria on the phone five minutes ago. Learn English online. That’s why you’re here, reading this post. In the simple past, we use just one verb and it’s used in the “past” form. Remember : the Present Perfect is used for unfinished time, the Past Simple for finished time. Before I go into the details of the simple past and the present perfect, it’s important that you fully understand the concept of tenses in English. When we talk about any event or action (let’s say, eating a cookie), it can only happen in one of these three times: It happened yesterday or even earlier (Past): I talked to Mary yesterday. Plus, it’s a good way to start learning basic tenses if you’re a beginner. Click here to return to the list of English grammar exercises. Archita Mittra is a freelance writer, journalist, editor and educator. The past simple is used to talk about completed actions at a particular point in the past, often with dates or times and words like yesterday, last and ago:. Yes, the English language is curious like that. Present Perfect: I have talked to Mary before. I’ve listened/been listening to the new album a lot since I downloaded it. Both present perfect and past perfect talk about something that happened before a point in time (reference point). A finished action in someone's life (when the person is still alive: life experience): We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. The present perfect is most frequently used to talk about experiences or changes that have taken place, but there are other less common uses as well. The present perfect continuous is formed with have/has been and the -ing form of the verb. He went on an exchange program two years ago. Well, I’m here to tell you that when I first learned these English tenses, I had the same problem. Decide if you need to use the simple past or the present perfect simple.. (It took place recently. Get more Perfect … Perhaps the textbook approach doesn’t work for you and you want to memorize what you’ve learned in a more fun way. (to learn) 4. Exercise 1. Here’s a simple trick to remember which is which. If you still aren’t feeling confident, consider brushing up on your knowledge of how to use tenses before continuing. We may also use this tense when we want to focus on telling people about the action. Addition of “-ed" in the root of regular verbs is how to make a simple past tense. We normally use the present perfect continuous to emphasise that something is still continuing in the present: She has been living in Liverpool all her life. I have written a few lines already.
    • The simple past always refers to an action or situation that is finished . Of course, if we’re talking about a historical event or something that happened many years ago, we use the past tense. the book. signal word already → present perfect; The children (go/not) to school on Monday. Welcome! FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Simple Future: I will talk to Mary tomorrow. The Past Continuous tense is formed by joining was/were + present participle (-ing) Past Perfect Tense is formed by had + past participle. In that case, FluentU is the perfect educational app to brush up your knowledge of the tenses and take your English skills to the next level. Finished actions: I knew Julie for ten years (but then she moved away and we lost touch). Simple Past Present Perfect Simple; Emphasis on action. The 16 Best Online Games to Practice English, The easiest way to remember is that the action/event in. Click here to get a copy. 1. But we normally use it to talk about events that have already happened. football yesterday. : A finished action in someone’s life (when the person is still alive or it’s a life experience; e.g. How can I use the present tense to talk about the past in English? Present Perfect Simple: Past Simple: Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present: I‘ve known my wife for fifteen years (and I still know her). If the verb form changes, the tense changes (and vice versa). An action that started in the past and continues to the present. Present perfect and past simple 2. GapFillTyping_MTYzMTc= Level: intermediate. I hope this post has cleared the confusion between the present perfect and the past simple tenses. Check your understanding … Test your knowledge in this crazy quiz! Indeed, if you’re going to master tenses, you need to know: Now, each of these three tenses can be further divided into four “sub” tenses. Present perfect simple vs past simple exercises. Mother: I want to prepare dinner. For example: She has eaten the pie all by herself. (With this sentence I actually want to express that I have a new bike now.) Every sentence we speak or write in English is in one of these tenses. By now, you understand the key differences between the past simple and the present perfect. These are simple, continuous, perfect and perfect continuous. Past simple and present perfect - how to form them and how to use them correctly. Use "yet" in the negative and question, but "already" and "just" in the positive form. Here’s a quick summary of what we’ve learned so far: Now that you know the differences, it’s time to put your knowledge to test. signal words on Monday (referring to the past) → simple past; I (give) you his phone number last month. Click here for more information about the past simple tense. to Italy. Tom and Julie (go) to the cinema yesterday. We can often use either the present perfect simple or the present perfect continuous with since or for when something started in the past and continues now, or is repeated up to now. So how do we determine the tense being used when looking at a sentence? Kurt went to Canada in 1991.; I didn't see you yesterday. Present Perfect vs. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you 19. The easiest way to remember is that the action/event in past simple refers to “finished” time while in present perfect, it suggests there’s still a … Past Simple i Present Perfect - budowa i zastosowanie Past Simple (podmiot + II forma czasownika) to czas, którego używamy do mówienia o sytuacjach i czynnościach, które wydarzyły się i zakończyły w określonym punkcie w czasie w przeszłości. The present perfect is a verb tense which is used to show that an action has taken place once or many times before now. Future Perfect: I will have talked to Mary by next week. Of all the tenses in English, these are the two verb tenses that differentiate the two forms of the English language. This is a free intermediate English grammar quiz and esl worksheet. - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Future Continuous: I will be talking to Mary on the train ride tomorrow. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. Present perfect. (to steal) 2. (The focus is on the result of the action—the pie is now finished by her! Present perfect continuous. Need more practice? This point will become clearer once we get to present perfect. Past Simple denotes actions and events in … Simple Past or Present Perfect – Exercise 1. It doesn’t make any sense! For now, don’t worry about why we have to use so many tenses. The past simple (also called the simple past), as the name suggests, is the tense we use to talk about any action or event that has already happened. Put the verbs into the correct tense (simple past or present perfect simple). (Download). Simple Past. Need more practice? (you / wash) the dishes yet? All Rights Reserved. But for irregular verbs, you need to memorize the verb forms. You’re right—it doesn’t make sense… at first! Choose the past simple or the present perfect. (We added an “-ed” to “walk”), He ate a pizza for dinner. Somebody has let the cat in. I personally found the model of using yesterday, today and tomorrow to memorize the three tenses of past, present and future to be very useful. We’re just talking about an event in the past and aren’t discussing the possible effects of it. In British English, we use the present perfect to talk about an action or situation in the past when we don't know the exact time or it isn't important. Emphasis on result. Now that you’ve reviewed the basics of tenses, let’s move on to the difference between past simple and present perfect. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Then press "Check" to see the correction. The time at which the question is asked … Another way to differentiate between the two tenses is to simply look at the verbs used. The simple past uses a single verb (the simple past form of the verb) while the present perfect uses two verbs (has/have + participle form of the verb). If you’re feeling intimidated or confused about verb conjugations, don’t worry! To sum up, we use the simple past to refer to an event or an action that took place in “finished time” or to simply focus on talking about the action itself. In the present perfect, our reference point is the present. "What have you done at school today?" In fact, the structure of the Present Perfect is very simple. Complete the sentences with the past OR the present perfect (simple or continuous). Do you need help? Peter . Feel free to check out her blog or contact her for freelancing/educational inquiries. (The time isn’t specified). We use the present perfect for actions which started in the past and are still happening now OR for finished actions which have a connection to the present. Past simple or present perfect? Therefore, it’s still “connected” to the present. Past Perfect Continuous: I had been talking to Mary for two hours before we finally hung up. (Of course, even if something happened a few minutes or hours ago, it’s also in the past—but this is a good basic trick for remembering which tense is used for which “time”!). We’ve lived/’ve been living here for about a year now. 1. Charakterystyczne są dla niego poniższe określenia czasu: We also use this tense when the focus is more on the “result” of the action instead of the “telling” of the action. They . Here are a few simple and short quizzes and exercises that test your understanding of these two tenses. Instead, just focus on how the verb (“to read”) is changing in each. (to live) 3. Daughter: No, I (come / just) home from school. Download: FluentU brings English to life with real-world videos. Mother: You (come) home from school two hours ago! The students have to fill in the blanks with the correct form (affirmative, negative or interrogative) of the verbs in brackets. I have lived in this city for six months. Click here to review how to make the past simple. Click here for more information about the present perfect tense No sign-up required. ID: 38453 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 12-16 Main content: Present perfect or past simple Other contents: Present Perfect vs. Past Simple Add to my workbooks (1768) Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom As a language learner, you may be quite confused about the difference between the present perfect and the simple past tenses. Although the process of breaking the window took place in the past, its effect is still present – the window is still broken. Compare: Mother: (you / do / already) your homework?

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