Along with Das Reich, the division was reassigned to General der Infanterie Karl-Adolf Hollidt's reformed 6th Army in the Southern Ukraine. Mix & Match Sale: Buy 2, get 3rd free! In Early February 1943 Totenkopf was moved back to the Eastern Front as part of Erich von Manstein's Army Group South. SS-Totenkopf-Division (1939 - 1942) SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Totenkopf (1942 - 1943) 3. In the second week of April, heavy Soviet attacks towards Târgul Frumosdisambiguation needed meant that Totenkopf was back in action, playing a role in the decisive defensive victory. (3)Generalmajor Otto Lancelle, commander of 121. Whilst subsequently trying to drive through to the coast they encountered a major Anglo-French force which they had a great deal of difficulty stopping and came perilously close to panic. The II SS Panzer Corps (renamed after the formation of the I SS Panzer Corps one month earlier), was to attack the southern flank of the salient as the spearhead for Generaloberst Hermann Hoth's 4th Panzer Army. The remnants of the Division were pulled out of the line in late October, 1942 and sent to France to be refitted. The attack was rebuffed by the defending Soviets. The division, as a part of SS-Obergruppenführer Paul Hausser's SS Panzer Corps, took part in the third Battle of Kharkov, blunting the Soviet offensive. It was during February 1943 that the 3rd SS Panzer Regiment received a company of Tiger I heavy tanks (9th Company/3rd SS Panzer Regiment). The division attacked towards the city of Korsun, attempting to secure a crossing over the Gniloy-Tilkich river. The division is infamous due to its insignia and the fact that most of the initial enlisted soldiers were SS-Totenkopfverbände (SS concentration camp guards), and as such it is sometimes referred to as the "Death's Head Division". Totenkopf was sent towards Cherkassy to assist in the relief attempts. Although the two divisions managed to halt the offensive, inflicting heavy casualties and destroying over 800 tanks, the Soviets outflanked the defenders, forcing them to abandon the city on 23 August. Operation Konrad III got underway on 20 January 1945. The failure to capture the hill meant that the drive along the north bank of the Psel was temporarily halted, forcing Hausser to also delay the Southern advance. Battles on the Mius Front – Retreat to the Dniepr. This destroyed any resemblance of an organised line of defence. 3rd SS Panzer Regiment advanced in a panzerkeil (wedge) across the hot and dusty steppe. The first divisional commander of the Totenkopf division was Theodore Eickeand he commanded from 1939 to 1941. The Totenkopf (death’s head) was one of the most readily recognized symbols of the Nazi Schutzstaffel , Adolf Hitler’s elite black guard and ideal Teutonic knighthood, along with other select Germanic political and armed forces of the Third Reich period.The distinctive insignia were worn as cap or collar devices on many unique paramilitary and military uniforms. During this campaign, Theodor Eicke was killed when his Fieseler Storch spotter aircraft was shot down. SS-Panzer-Division Totenkopf, 5. The efforts of the Totenkopf, Wiking and Hermann Göring divisions allowed the Germans to hold the Vistula line and establish Army Group Vistula. Further defensive actions in Romania further reduced the division’s strength. Gille's corps was too depleted to take part in the assault, instead it provided flank support to assaulting divisions during the beginning of the operation. Named Operation Konrad II, the attack was launched on 7 January from just south of Esztergom. In several furious battles near the town of Modlin in mid August, the Totenkopf, fighting alongside the 5th SS Panzer Division "Wiking" and the Hermann Göring Panzer Division virtually annihilated the Soviet 3rd Tank Corps, which had contained a division of communist Poles. Ryszard Grajek (tłum. Armee at Stalingrad.The 2004 board game "Clash Along the Psel: The Battle of Kursk 1943" designed by Ray Tapio and published by Critical Hit focus on the fighting on the Psel.Artillery crew of the Totenkopf division(Courtesy of Die Deutsche Wochenschau/Ivan)Kübelwagen of the Totenkopf Division in 1941(Courtesy of Bundesarchiv/Wikimedia, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 Germany)A motorized column from the Totenkopf division in a village on the Eastern Front on 22 June 1941(Courtesy of Bundesarchiv/Wikimedia, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 Germany)Totenkopf soldiers in the outskirts of Charkov(Courtesy of Bundesarchiv/Wikimedia, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 Germany)Tanks of the Totenkopf division in a town on the Eastern Front 1944(Courtesy of Bundesarchiv/Wikimedia, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0 Germany), From the SS newspaper "Das Schwarze Korps", 6 November 1941, on the awarding of the Knights Cross to Fritz Christen(Courtesy of Florian). In a battle near Iaşi, elements of the division, together with elements of the Panzer-Grenadier-Division Großdeutschland, managed to halt an armoured assault by the Red Army. The division had officers from the SS-Verfügungstruppe (SS-VT), of whom many had already seen action in Poland. The corps arrived just before New Year's Eve, and was immediately thrown into action. Replacement personnel were supplied, this time via regular Waffen-SS recruitment as opposed to coming from the camps. It took place on 27 May 1940, during the Battle of France, at a time when the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was attempting to retreat through the Pas-de-Calais region during the Battle of Dunkirk. Prior to achieving division status, the formation was known as Kampfgruppe (battlegroup) "Eicke". The SS styled shoulder boards are sewn into the sleeve seams and the sleeve eagle is of the machine woven style (often referred to by collectors as Bevo). Generaloberst Fedor von Bock visited the division on 19 April 1940 and later wrote: The combat readiness of the SS non-commissioned officers and squadrons in insufficient. The assault, which in many aspects bore similarities to those of the later British Operation Goodwood, was carried out by approximately 500 tanks. The relief attempts were to be codenamed Operation Konrad. On 1 August 1944, the Armia Krajowa (the Polish Home Army), rose up in Warsaw itself. Further stiff resistance was then encountered at both Béthune and Le Paradis.The Le Paradis massacre was a war crime committed by members of the 14th Company, SS Division Totenkopf, under the command of Hauptsturmführer Fritz Knöchlein. SS-Panzer-Division Wiking, 6. Jan 1941) SS-Hauptsturmführer Rudolf Schneider (15 Jan 1941 - 9 Nov 1942) SS-Sturmbannführer Heinz Hufebach (9 Nov 1942 - 22 Jan 1944) SS-Sturmbannführer Dr. Marin Weidlich (1 Sep 1944 - 1 Mar 1945), Germany (Nov 1939 - May 1940) Belgium & France (May 1940 - June 1941) Eastern front, northern sector (June 1941 - Oct 1942) France (Oct 1942 - Feb 1943) Eastern front, southern sector (Feb 1943 - July 1944) Eastern front, central sector & Poland (July 1944 - Dec 1944) Hungary & Austria (Dec 1944 - May 1945), May 1940 21.311 June 1941 18.754 Dec 1942 21.186 Dec 1943 15.415 June 1944 21.115 Dec 1944 15.400 Manpower strength (7 April 1945)44 Officers87 NCO873 Soldiers6 Operational tanks. SS Panzer-Division "Totenkopf") 21. joulukuuta 1943. selvennä Sodan lopun se taisteli itärintamalla. Opowieść żołnierza Dywizji SS Totenkopf. By 11 July, SS-Hauptsturmführer Erwin Meierdress had led his 1st Company/3rd SS Panzer Regiment across the Psel on hastily constructed pontoon bridges, reinforcing the tenuous position. Ninety-seven British troops died. During the July–August battles for Hill 213 and the town of Stepanowka, the division suffered heavy losses, and over the course of the campaign on the Mius-Front, it suffered more casualties than it had during Operation Citadel. British prisoners of war with a Pzkpfw Ib German tank in Calais in May, 1940. The division was officered by men from the SS-Verfügungstruppe (SS-VT), many of whom had seen action in Poland. During these kessel (cauldron) battles, Totenkopf suffered so greatly, that due to its reduced size, it was re-designated Kampfgruppe "Eicke". (4)Soldiers from SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 1 and SS-Pionier-Bataillon Totenkopf killed 48 civilians in Beuvry 24 May 1940. The 1st Panzer Division, fighting alongside the Totenkopf, achieved a linkup with the encircled forces. La présence dans les effectifs de cette division de gardes des camps de concentration et d'extermination nazis en a fait l'une des unités de la Waffen-SS qui s'est distinguée le plus par son fanatisme et sa brutalité ; elle a de ce fait commis de nombreux crimes de guerre. K-G Klietmann - Die Waffen-SS: eine DokumentationChristine Levisse-Touzé - La campagne de 1940Peter Lieb - Konventioneller Krieg oder NS-Weltanschauungskrieg? In April 1942, the division broke out of the pocket and managed to reach friendly territory. For this operation, the division was supplied with a Panzer battalion and redesignated 3.SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Totenkopf. The novel "SS General" by Sven Hassel depicts SS-Obergruppenführer Theodor Eicke, the commander of the Totenkopf Division, conducting a rather implausible inspection of the 6. We will pay for that with unnecessary blood-shedding! SS-Pz.Div. Gren. Totenkopf was thrown into action against the bridgehead. K (V) 3. The Panzer abteilung was officially upgraded to a regiment, and the two Panzergrenadier regiments were given the honorary titles "Theodor Eicke" and "Totenkopf". The SS Panzer Corps, including Totenkopf, was then shifted north to take part in Operatio… In the afternoon of 12 July, near the village of Andre'evka on the south bank of the Psel, the Soviets launched a major counterattack against Regiment Thule and the division's StuG batallion. The division, as a part of SS-Obergruppenführer Paul Hausser's SS Panzer Corps, took part in the third Battle of Kharkov, blunting the Soviet offensive. Following Eicke were commanders Matthias Kleinheisterkamp and Georg Keppler who only commanded the 3. for a very small time in 1941. SS-Obergruppenführer Theodor Eicke was wounded 7 July 1941 by a Soviet mine that blew up his command car.2. SS-Panzerkorps was one of the few formations standing in the way of the Soviet advance. The Totenkopf was formed from concentration camp guards and men from the SS-Heimwehr Danzig. Hitler ordered the IV SS Panzer Corps to redeploy south to relieve the 95,000 Germans and Hungarians trapped in the city. The remnants of the Totenkopf executed a fighting withdrawal into Czechoslovakia. SS regiments were set up and stationed at the various camps. The attack was launched on 5 July 1943, after a massive Soviet artillery barrage fell on the German assembly areas. Written by Wolfgang Schneider, one of the foremost experts on WW II armour warfare, Totenkopf Tigers is the history of the Tiger Kompanie of the 3.SS-Panzer-Division Totenkopf. Fast Shipping. Acting quickly, the 6th Army commander, Generaloberst Hermann Balck, recommended moving the I SS Panzer Corps north to plug the gap and prevent the encirclement of the IV SS Panzer Corps. 1Holders of the Commendation Certificate of the Commander-in-Chief of the Army for Shooting Down Aircraft (2)- Appel, Hans, 28.11.1942 (298), SS-Sturmmann, 4./SS-Totenkopf-Aufkl.Abt.- Hütt, [first name not listed], 21.08.1944 [Date of Action] (534), SS-Unterscharführer, 4./SS-Pz.Gren.Rgt. Panzer-Division, and an armored group from the 2nd Hungarian Tank Division. The Germans led them across the road to a wall, and machine-gunned them. “Totenkopf”- Schulz, Eberhard, 18.04.1942 (935), SS-Sturmann, 1./SS-Inf.Rgt. The terrain around Modlin is excellent for armour, and Totenkopf's panzers exploited this to their advantage, engaging Soviet tanks from a range where the superiority of the German optics and the 75 mm high-velocity gun gave the Panthers an edge over the T-34s. 5 is often incorrectly listed with the title „Thule“The Thule-Gesellschaft (= „Thule Association“) was a neo-Germanic, racist and anti-semitic nationalist organization founded in 1918, which used the “sunwheel” swastika, combined with a dagger, as its symbol and was somewhat involved in the founding of the Nazi Party. A example of the propaganda produced about the division: "Damals: Erinnerungen an Grosse Tage der SS-Totenkopf-Division im Französischen Feldzug" (1940). The 6th Army was tasked with eliminating the Soviet bridgehead over the Mius River. “Totenkopf”Holders of the Honor Roll Clasp of the Heer (22)Holders of the Knight's Cross (55)Unit-Level Commendation Certificate of the Commander-in-Chief of the Army for Shooting Down Aircraft (7)- 1./SS-Totenkopf-Aufklärungs-Abteilung-- Date/Place of Downing: 14.09.1941 bei Tschitschilowo-- Award Date: 29.11.1941 (30)- III./SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 3-- Date/Place of Downing: 18.01.1942 bei Beglowo-- Award Date: 16.05.1942 (84)- 2./SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 1-- Date/Place of Downing: 28.02.1942 bei Demjansk-- Award Date: 19.06.1942 (157)- 1./SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 1-- Date/Place of Downing: 16.03.1942 bei Jeruschkowo-- Award Date: 19.07.1942 (170)- 4./SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 1-- Date/Place of Downing: 06.05.1942 bei Jeruschkowo-- Award Date: 19.07.1942 (172)- 4./SS-Totenkopf-Artillerie-Regiment-- Date/Place of Downing: 13.08.1942 bei Kukuj (2 aircraft)-- Award Date: 28.11.1942 (276/277)- SS-Panzer-Aufklärungs-Abteilung 3-- Date/Place of Downing: 09.03.1944 bei Pantschewo-- Award Date: 01.08.1944 (509), SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 1SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 2SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 3SS-Totenkopf-Artilerie-RegimentSS-Totenkopf-Aufklärungs-AbteilungSS-Totenkopf-Panzer-Abwehr-AbteilungSS-Totenkopf-Pionier-BataillonSS-Totenkopf-Nachrichten-Abteilung, SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 1SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 2SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 3SS-Totenkopf-Artilerie-Regiment 3SS-Panzer-AbteilungSS-Totenkopf-Aufklärungs-AbteilungSS-Totenkopf-Nachrichten-AbteilungSS-Totenkopf-Panzer-Abwehr-AbteilungSS-Totenkopf-Sturmgeschütz-Batterie (mot)SS-Totenkopf-Flak-Abteilung 3SS-Werfer-AbteilungSS-Totenkopf-Kradschützen-Bataillon 3SS-Pionier-Bataillon TotenkopfSS-Sanitäts-DiensteSS-Totenkopf-NachubdiensteSS-Totenkopf-VerpflegungsdiensteSS-Totenkopf-Div.-VerwaltungsdiensteSS-Totenkopf-Feld-Ersatz-Bataillon, SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 5 (often incorrectly named Thule)SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 6 Theodor EickeSS-Panzer-Regiment 3SS-Panzer-Artillerie Regiment 3SS-Panzerjäger-Abteilung 3SS-Sturmgeschütz-Abteilung 3SS-Flak-Abteilung 3SS-Werfer-Abteilung 3SS-Panzer-Nachrichten-Abteilung 3SS-Panzer-Aufklarungs-Abteilung 3SS-Panzer-Pionier-Bataillon 3SS-Dina 3SS-Feldlazarett 3SS-Kriegsberichter-Zug 3SS-Feldgendarmerie-Trupp 3SS-Feldersatz-Bataillon 3, Richard Baer (commandant of Auschwitz)Fritz Biermeier (usually credited with 31+ destroyed tanks but the exact number is unknown)Fritz Christen (Credited with singlehandedly destroying 13 Soviet tanks with a 50mm anti-tank gun 24 September 1941 after the rest of the crew had been killed, received the Knight's Cross on 20 October 1941 as the first Waffen-SS enlisted man)Theodor Eicke (former Inspector of Concentration camps and commandant of Dachau)Christian Peder Kryssing (Danish officer who reached the highest Waffen-SS rank of any non-German, SS-Brigadeführer)Jens Kryssing (son of Christian Peder Kryssing, the highest ranking non-German in the Waffen-SS, KIA 1942)Karl Leiner (son in law of Theodor Eicke)Igor Moravec (son of Emanuel Moravec, Minister of Education and National Enlightenment in the government of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia)Jürgen Stroop (infamous for his role in the crushing of the Warsaw uprising), Concentration Camps 159Einsatzgruppen 1(includes officers serving in the Einsatzgruppen or Concentration Camps either prior to or after service in this unit), The tactical marking of the division was a white skull with crossed bones, normally the skull was facing left.The "Totenkopf" cuff title was authorized for this unit on 1 September 1942.The "Theodor Eicke" cuff title was authorized for SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 6 Theodor Eicke in March 1943.The "Thule" cuff title was authorized for SS-Panzergrenadier Regiment 5 in 1942. À ne pas confondre avec SS-Totenkopf-Standarten qui ont … SS-Brigadeführer Hermann Priess, the Totenkopf's commander, ordered Meierdress' abteilung (battalion) to advance and support the beleaguered forces. 6 „Theodor Eicke“SS-Obergruppenführer Theodor Eicke (17 Oct. 1892 – 26 Feb. 1943) was infamous as one of the architects of the concentration camp system. On 24 March, another Soviet attack threw the exhausted IV SS Panzer Corps back towards Vienna, and all contact was lost with the neighbouring I SS Panzer Corps. SS-Totenkopf-Div.- Rademacher, Theo, 25.05.1942 (1000), SS-Oberjunker, SS-Inf.Rgt. While the II SS Panzer Corps had halted the Soviet counteroffensive and inflicted heavy casualties, it had exhausted itself and was no longer capable of offensive action. In the Autumn of 1942, a heavy Tiger company was formed Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler, Das Reich and Totenkopf SS-Panzer-Grenadier Divisions. These SS-Totenkopf-Standartentook over the supervision of these camps from the SA in 1934. The head of the concentration camp inspection was the equally disreputable Theodor Eicke. It was sent to Hungary December 1944 where it took part in the failed attempt to relieve Budapest.It surrendered to US forces in Austria, but was promtly turned over to the Soviets and few survived. SS-Division „Totenkopf“, auch als SS-Totenkopf-Division bekannt, war zwischen dem 16. The attack was launched on New Year's Day, 1945. It reached as far as Budapest's northern suburbs, by 12 January panzergrenadiers of the "Wiking" division spotted the church spires and turrets of the Hungarian capital's skyline. SS-PANZER-DIVISION TOTENKOPF: FRENTE POLACO 1944 - AUSTRIA 1945. Totenkopf. Totenkopf had suffered heavy losses during the campaign, including over 300 officers. They suffered heavy losses compared to other units but managed to keep up the advance. The Totenkopf was initially formed from concentration camp guards of the 1st (Oberbayern), 2nd (Brandenburg) and 3rd (Thüringen) Standarten (regiments) of the SS-Totenkopfverbände, and soldiers from the SS-Heimwehr "Danzig". Elements of the Soviet 5th Guards Tank Army had forced a crossing at Kremenchug and were soon threatening to break through the Dniepr line. This particular jacket has many interior modifications. There are indications of twin upper pockets including a scalloped pocket flap; however, there are no pockets. Vuonna 1945 divisioona siirrettiin Unkariin. 5Holders of the German Cross in Gold (125)Holders of the German Cross in Silver (2)- Schuster, Friedrich-Wilhelm, 15.03.1945, SS-Obersturmbannführer, Div.Ing. In March 1944 the 3rd SS-Panzer-Division Totenkopf was moved once again, this time to Balta, where it took over the backing of the retreat of the Army Group B as rearguard. In October 1943, the division was reformed as 3rd SS Panzer Division Totenkopf. Theodor Eicke, who was the commandant of the Dachau concentration camp, inspector of the camps and murderer of Ernst Röhm, later became the commander of the 3 SS Totenkopf Division. Articles with links needing disambiguation from November 2015, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Military units and formations established in 1939, Military units and formations of the Waffen-SS, Panzergrenadier divisions of the Waffen-SS, Panzer-Grenadier-Division Großdeutschland, http://web.archive.org/web/20081014012535/http://www.waffen-ss.no/SS-Division-Totenkopf.htm, 11th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division, 18th SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division, 23rd SS Volunteer Panzergrenadier Division, 22nd SS Volunteer Cavalry Division Division, 33rd Waffen Cavalry Division of the SS (3rd Hungarian), 14th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Galician), 15th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Latvian), 19th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Latvian), 20th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Estonian), 26th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Hungarian), 29th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Italian), 30th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (2nd Russian), 30th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Belarussian), https://military.wikia.org/wiki/3rd_SS_Panzer_Division_Totenkopf?oldid=5105279, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. Hitler teki itsemurhan 30. huhtikuuta 1945, mutta taistelu Berliinistä jatkui 2. toukokuuta saakka. B. bei der Budapester Operation/ Unternehmen „Margarethe“ oder der Plattenseeoffensive ) und bei der Schlacht um Wien (1945) begab sich die Division bei Linz in VS-amerikanische Kriegsgefangenschaft und wurde schließlich an die Sowjetunion ausgeliefert. To the northeast of Cambrai the division took 16,000 French prisoners. History of the 3rd SS Panzer-Divison "Totenkopf": The SS Division Totenkopf ("Death's Head") was formed in October 1939 . Soldiers of the 3rd SS Division Totenkopf break for a meal beside the wreck of a Soviet T-34 somewhere in Romania, 1944. (Courtesy of Willi Schumacher). They occupied and defended a farmhouse against an attack by Waffen-SS forces in the village of Le Paradis. After the failure of the first operation, Totenkopf and Wiking launched an assault aimed at reaching the city centre. "La campagne de 1940" by Christine Levisse-Touzé.5. (5). The division then advanced past Demjansk to Leningrad where it was involved in heavy fighting from 31 July to 25 August. This Waffen SS Division has a tainted history because initially its soldiers were recruited from concentration camps. In December 1944, the IX SS Mountain Corps (Alpine Corps-Croatia) was encircled in Budapest. (4)45 civilians in Vandelicourt / Berles-Montchel were killed by soldiers from SS-Totenkopf-Infanterie-Regiment 2 22 May 1940. The Totenkopf arrived at the Warsaw front in late July 1944. He was awarded the Iron Cross for his actions during this period. In the second week of March, after a fierce battle near Kirovograd, the Totenkopf fell back behind the Bug River. It's a pity to waste such wonderful human resources. Manstein attempted to commit his reserve, the XXIV Panzer Corps, but Hitler refused to authorize this. While there, the Division took part in Case Anton, the takeover of Vichy France in November 1942. Totenkopf saw action a number of times during the French campaign. Kradschützen ("motorcycle infantry") of the 3rd SS Division Totenkopf on their way to Leningrad, 1941. Two survived, with injuries, and hid until they were captured by German forces several days later. Nach Kampfeinsätzen in Ungarn (z. SS-Panzer-Division Totenkopf (1943 - 1945), SS-Obergruppenführer Theodor Eicke (1 Nov 1939 - 7 July 1941) (1) SS-Obergruppenführer Matthias Kleinheisterkamp (7 July 1941 - 18 July 1941) SS-Obergruppenführer Georg Keppler (18 July 1941 - 19 Sep 1941) SS-Obergruppenführer Theodor Eicke (19 Sep 1941 - 26 Feb 1943) (2) SS-Gruppenführer Max Simon (26 Feb 1943 - 27 Apr 1943) SS-Gruppenführer Heinz Lammerding (27 Apr 1943 - 01 May 1943) (acting for Max Simon) SS-Obergruppenführer Hermann Priess (01 May 1943 - 10 Oct 1943) (acting for Max Simon) SS-Obergruppenführer Hermann Priess (10 Oct 1943 - 20 Jun 1944) SS-Oberführer Karl Ullrich (20 Jun 1944 - 13 Jul 1944) SS-Brigadeführer Helmuth Becker (13 Jul 1944 - 08 May 1945), SS-Oberführer Cassius Freiherr von Montigny (? In early July, the division was ordered to the area near Grodno in Poland, where it would form a part of SS-Obergruppenführer Herbert Gille's IV SS Panzer Corps, covering the approaches to Warsaw near Modlin. In February 1944, 56,000 German troops were trapped in the Korsun Pocket. Hausser ordered his II SS Panzer Corps to split in two, with the Totenkopf crossing the Psel River northwards and then continuing on towards the town of Prokhorovka. In the early morning of 9 July, 6th SS Panzergrenadier Regiment "Theodor Eicke" attacked northwards, crossing the Psel and attempted to seize the strategic Hill 226.6, located to the east of the fortified village of Kliuchi. By early-May, they were within reach of the American forces, to whom the division officially surrendered on 9 May. La 3ª Divisione Panzer SS " Totenkopf ", costituita nel novembre 1939 con la riorganizzazione dei corpi armati delle SS con le Totenkopfverbände (circa 6.500 soldati) che avevano partecipato alla campagna polacca, insieme a uomini provenienti dalle SS-Verfügungstruppen e dalla compagnia Heimwehr Danzig, fu trasferita a Dachau per iniziare l'addestramento. June 1943 - 1 Oct 1943) SS-Obersturmbannführer Erich Eberhardt (22 Oct 1943 - 1 Mar 1945), SS-Sturmbannführer Paul Geisler (? SS-Hauptsturmführer Erwin Meierdress of the Sturmgeschütze-Batterie (Assault Gun) Totenkopf formed a Kampfgruppe of about 120 soldiers and held the strategic town of Bjakowo despite repeated determined enemy attempts to capture it. Motorcyclists (German: Kradschützen) from the SS Division "Totenkopf" during the invasion of Russia in September 1941, Anti-tank unit of the 3rd SS Panzer, September 1941. The division mounted an assault to secure the crash site and recover their commander's body, he was b… The Totenkopfverbände was to become one of the elite SS divisions, but from the start they were among the first executors of a policy of systematic extermination. As the offensive stalled, the Soviets launched a major attack, the Vienna Offensive, on 16 March. In Early February 1943 Totenkopf was moved back to the Eastern Front as part of Erich von Manstein's Army Group South. Totenkopf immediately began taking up new defensive positions. The division mounted an assault to secure the crash site and recover their commander's body, he was buried with full military honours. To qualify for the Knight's Cross, a soldier had to already hold the 1939 Iron CrossFirst Class, though the Iron Cross I Class was awarded concurrently with the Knight's Cross in rare cases.Unit commanders could also be awarded the medal for exemplary conduct by the unit as a whole. “Totenkopf”- Stutz, Dr. Hans, 28.02.1944, SS-Sturmbannführer, Feldlazarett/3. The SS Panzer Corps, including Totenkopf, was then shifted north to take part in Operation Citadel, the great offensive to reduce the Kursk salient. Replacing them would be once more commander Theodore Eicke on his second and last turn of commanding the 3. The Standarte I ‘Upper Bavaria’ in Dachau, Standarte II ‘Brandenburg’ in Oranienburg, Standarte III ‘Thuringia’ near Buchenwald and Standarte IV ‘Os… Originally it was kept as a reserve during the campaigns in the west, but soon she was sent to Belgium. In the afternoon, regiment "Eicke" managed to redeem itself by capturing the hill, but the northern advance slowed and the majority of the division was still south of the Psel, where elements of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 5 Thule continued to advance towards Prokhorovka and cover the flank of the Leibstandarte. During one, the Division was encircled for several months near Demjansk in what would come to be known as the Demjansk Pocket. SS-Panzer-Division "Totenkopf"Karl Ullrich - Wie ein Fels im Meer: BildbandVopersal - Soldaten, Kämpfer, Kameraden (9 vol)Michael Wood - Tigers of the Death's Head: SS Totenkopf Division's Tiger Company, Holders of the Close Combat Clasp in Gold, Holders of the Honor Roll Clasp of the Heer, Damals: Erinnerungen an Grosse Tage der SS-Totenkopf-Division im Französischen Feldzug. SS-Panzer-Division „Totenkopf“ umbenannt. After the war, Knöchlein was located, tried and convicted by a war crimes court, the two survivors acted as witnesses against him. Oct 1939 - 24 May 1940) SS-Sturmbanführer Paul Geisler (24 May 1940 - 5 June 1940) SS-Brigadeführer Kurt KnobLauch (5 June 1940 - 20 Dec 1940) SS-Obersturmbannführer Heinz Lammerding (20 Dec 1940 - 26 Apr 1943) SS-Sturmbannführer Rudolf Schneider (27 Apr 1943 - ? Approximately 800 Polish civilians and what the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) termed "potential resistance leaders" were killed. He served from 1941 to 1943. By early September, the Totenkopf reached the Dniepr. The Totenkopf covered the advance on the left flank of the II SS Panzer Corps, with the Leibstandarte forming the spearhead. SS-Panzer-Division „Totenkopf“), est l'une des 38 divisions de la Waffen-SS durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Volume 2: The Structure, Development and Personalities of the 3.SS-Panzer-Division Hardcover – Illustrated, August 5, 2016. by Mark C. Yerger (Author), Ignacio Arrondo (Author) 4.9 out of 5 stars 24 ratings. Many original members of this organization were later transferred into and became the core of a Waffen SS division, the 3rd SS "Totenkopf" Panzer Division, which engaged in a number of war crimes during World War II. It was sent back to the Eastern front where it fought at Kursk and Kharkov. Totenkopf. A column of Totenkopf Tigers was caught up in the fighting, and several were lost. At Demjansk, about 80% of its soldiers were killed, wounded or missing in action. Totenkopf saw action in Lithuania and Latvia, and by July had breached the vaunted Stalin Line. The 3. : Kriegführung und Partisanenbekämpfung in Frankreich 1943/44Kurt Mehner - Die Waffen-SS und Polizei 1939-1945James Pontolillo - Murderous Elite: The Waffen-SS and its complete record of war crimesMarc J. Rikmenspoel - Waffen-SS EncyclopediaRaffael Scheck - Hitler's African Victims: The German Army Massacres of Black French Soldiers in 1940Raffael Scheck - “They Are Just Savages”: German Massacres of Black Soldiers from the French Army in 1940, Journal Modern History 77, Nr.