hiyō aircraft carrier


[7], Their air group was originally intended to consist of 12 Mitsubishi A5M 'Claude' fighters, plus four in storage, 18 Aichi D3A 'Val' dive bombers, plus two in reserve, and 18 Nakajima B5N 'Kate' torpedo bombers. Two of these last four mounts were mounted on the stern and the others were placed in front of and behind the island. On 5 November 1943, she was hit by a torpedo, but the damage was light, other than the disabled rudder. Noté /5. [21] Her fighters were flown to Truk by 15 July and assigned to the light carrier RyÅ«hō. [32] Hiyō was struck by two bombs, one of which detonated above the bridge and killed or wounded virtually everyone there. The lead ship, HMS Queen Elizabeth was named on 4 July Queen E. Add your article. ¹, 'Flying Hawk') was the name ship of her class of two aircraft carriers of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). Classe Hiyō Le Hiy ... (en) Hans Lengerer et Tomoko Rehm-Takahara, « The Japanese Aircraft Carriers Junyo and Hiyo », dans Warship IX, London, Conway Maritime Press, 1985, 9–19, 105–114, 188–193 p. (ISBN 0-85177-403-2) (en) Mark Peattie, Sunburst : The Rise of Japanese Naval Air Power 1909–1941, Annapolis (Maryland), Naval Institute Press, 2001, 364 p. (ISBN 1-55750-432-6) (en) … ¹, "Flying Hawk") was the name ship of her class of two aircraft carriers of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). Awalnya, kelas ini dibangun sebagai sebuah kapal penumpang dengan nama Izumo Maru dan Kashiwara Maru oleh perusahaan Nippon Yusen. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [8], As a conversion from an ocean liner, it was not possible to add much armor, although the ships had a double hull. [16], The ships were purchased on 10 February 1941 by the Navy Ministry for the price of Â¥48,346,000 and their armament and aircraft cost an additional Â¥27,800,000. The fires raged out of control and Hiyō sank stern first[21] shortly afterwards at 16°20′N 132°32′E / 16.333°N 132.533°E / 16.333; 132.533. From Wikipedia. [6] The ships were designed with two superimposed hangars, each approximately 153 meters (502 ft 0 in) long, 15 meters (49 ft 3 in) wide and 5 meters (16 ft 5 in) high. The ships mounted a crane on the port side of the flight deck, just aft of the rear elevator. On 3 November, she was attacked by the submarine Pintado, but her escorting destroyer, Akikaze, deliberately sacrificed herself by intercepting the torpedoes and sank with no survivors. This was revised to substitute a dozen Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighters, and three in storage for the A5Ms by the time the ship commissioned in 1942. She arrived on 3 December and was almost immediately assigned duties as an aircraft ferry until January when the ship returned to Japan. More seriously, the ship was struck by one torpedo dropped by a Grumman TBF Avenger from Belleau Wood. The Queen Elizabeth class is a class of two aircraft carriers of the United Kingdom s Royal Navy. A detachment from the air group was transferred to Buin, Papua New Guinea on 1 November and participated in the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal later in the month. Junyō carried 18 A6M2 Zeros and 18 D3As for this operation. [1], The ships had a length of about 219.32 meters (719 ft 7 in) overall. Lacking aircraft, she was used as a transport in late 1944 and was torpedoed in December. Their maximum range was 4,800 meters (5,200 yd). When collapsed, it was flush with the flight deck. Conçus à l'origine pour être des paquebots de luxe, l'Izumo Maru et le Kashiwara Maru sont acquis par la marine impériale japonaise durant leur construction en 1941, en échange d'un financement à hauteur de 60 %[1]. When Junyō first commissioned only the rangefinders were fitted and the directors were added later. Hiyō class aircraft carrier. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This knocked out the starboard engine room and started fires, but Hiyō was able to continue, albeit a slower speed. By the end of the battle, the air group only consisted of 11 A6M5s, 5 A6M2s and 1 B6N and it was disbanded on 10 July. ¹, "Flying Hawk"?) The cost to convert the two ships was budgeted at Â¥38,073,000, for a grand total of Â¥114,219,000. The ship launched her first airstrike at dawn on 3 June against Dutch Harbor on Unalaska Island. in 1939, she was purchased by the Navy Ministry in 1941 for conversion to an aircraft carrier. [29] The new base was closer to the oil wells in Borneo on which the Navy relied and also to the Palau and western Caroline Islands where the Japanese expected the next American attack. Saved by David Andrews. She reached Sasebo the following day and began repairs on 18 December. Lengerer, Hans; Rehm-Takahara, Tomoko (1985). [12] In mid-1943, four more triple mounts were added and another four triple mounts in late 1943–early 1944. ¹ "Flying Hawk") was a Hiyō-class aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy.She was laid down as the fast luxury passenger liner Idzumo Maru by Nippon Yusen Kaisha (Japan Mail Steamship company) but was purchased along with her sistership by the Japanese Navy in 1940 and converted to an aircraft carrier. Hiyō at anchor. [9], The primary armament consisted of a dozen 40-caliber 12.7 cm Type 89 anti-aircraft (AA) guns in twin mounts on sponsons along the sides of the hull. Begun as an ocean liner in 1939, she was purchased by the Navy Ministry in 1941 for conversion to an aircraft carrier. NYK was only interested in a maximum speed of 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph) to save fuel, but the Navy wanted a maximum speed of no less than 25.5 knots (47.2 km/h; 29.3 mph) so they compromised by limiting the performance of the turbines to 80% of maximum power during peacetime. Further information might be found on the talk page. She accomplished little during this operation, losing five aircraft to all causes, and her own aircraft only shot down five American aircraft. This was angled 26° outwards to help keep its exhaust from interfering with flight operations. At this time, Air Group 652 consisted 81 Zeros, 27 D3As, 9 Yokosuka D4Y "Judy" dive bombers and 18 Nakajima B6N "Jill" torpedo bombers, roughly evenly divided among the three ships. Hiyō Class Aircraft Carrier IJN c1943: Ship History Built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries at Kobe. Leaving her aircraft behind, the carrier returned to Japan in late July. [22] During this time, Hiyō's remaining aircraft flew to Rabaul on 23 October where they provided air cover for Japanese forces on Guadalcanal. Home Military technology Naval aviation technology Aircraft carriers Aircraft carrier classes Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers. [13], Lengerer & Rehm-Takahara, pp. Their aviation gasoline tanks and magazines were protected by one layer of Ducol steel. Aircraft carrier Hiyo: Career (Japan) Name: Hiyō : Laid down: 30 November 1939: Launched: 24 June 1941: Commissioned: 31 July 1942: Struck: 10 November 1944: Fate: Sunk 21 June 1944 Battle of the Philippine Sea. [26], Hiyō departed Japan for Singapore on 24 November. were built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. Dive bombers from the sisters blew the ship's stern off, but failed to sink McFarland. Their aircraft were supposed to provide air cover after the Japanese night attack that retook Henderson Field and then they were to be flown ashore,[20] but Hiyō's machinery problems caused her to return to Truk. [21] Junyō's air group was deployed to Buin, Papua New Guinea on 2 July in response the American invasion of Rendova Island on 30 June. was a Hiyō-class aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy.Begun as the ocean liner Izumo Maru (出雲丸?) The first of these was mounted on the top of the island in mid- to late 1942 on each ship, and the other was added during 1943. [4], The flight deck was 210.3 meters (690 ft 0 in) long and had a maximum width of 27.3 meters (89 ft 7 in). Pages in category "Hiyō-class aircraft carriers" The following 4 pages are in this category, out of 4 total. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; OpenStreetMap; Locator tool; WikiShootMe; Search depicted; English: Hiyo was an aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. Begun as the ocean liner Izumo Maru (出雲丸) in 1939, she was purchased by the Navy Ministry in 1941 for conversion to an aircraft carrier. Noté /5. were built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. [21] In the meantime, the Japanese Navy had restructured its carrier air groups so that one air group was assigned to one carrier division and Air Group 652 was assigned to the 2nd Carrier Division with Hiyō, Junyō and RyÅ«hō on 1 March. Japanese aircraft carrier Hiyō. No aircraft catapult was fitted. The three carriers launched multiple air strikes against the American ships, but generally failed to locate them and did not inflict any damage while losing most of their aircraft. Early warning was provided by two Type 2, Mark 2, Model 1 air search radars. Their aircraft attacked and sank the destroyer. At this time, her air group consisted of 18 Zeros, 18 D3As and nine B5Ns. ¹ "Flying Hawk")[1] was a Hiyō-class aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The ships had a designed speed of 25.5 knots, but both exceeded that by small margins during sea trials. Their aircraft were disembarked several times and used from land bases in a number of battles in the South West Pacific. [2] Their crew ranged from 1,187 to 1,224 officers and enlisted men. Hiyō was torpedoed in June 1943 and Junyō in November; both ships spent about three months under repair. At 05:15 local each ship launched nine A6M Zeros and nine B5Ns. This is great if youâ re concerned about the economics of obtaining significant numbers of trees for your site, then growing trees from seeds â ¦ Larches are easy to graft and therefore easier to grow vegetatively than by seed. [14] In October 1944, Junyō had a total of 91 25 mm barrels; 57 in 19 triple mounts, four in two twin mounts, and 30 single mounts. Hiyō class aircraft carrier; Beam: 26.7 m; Draft: 8.15 m; Length: 219.32 m; 16° 19′ 48″ N, 132° 31′ 48″ E: Authority control Q543348. Two plates of Ducol steel, each 25 mm (0.98 in) thick, protected the sides of the ships' machinery spaces. However, the location lacked an airfield on which to train the green pilots and American submarines were very active in the vicinity which restricted the ships to the anchorage. This article does not cite any references or sources. ¹, berarti “Peregrine Falcon”). [19] While returning from Manila, Junyō was attacked by the submarines Sea Devil, Plaice and Redfish early in the morning of 9 December 1944. Completed shortly after the Battle of Midway in June 1942, she participated in the Guadalcanal Campaign, but missed the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands in October because of an electrical generator fire. [10] They fired 23.45-kilogram (51.7 lb) projectiles at a rate between 8 and 14 rounds per minute at a muzzle velocity of 700–725 m/s (2,300–2,380 ft/s); at 45°, this provided a maximum range of 14,800 meters (16,200 yd), and a maximum ceiling of 9,400 meters (30,800 ft). Their machinery, designed for merchant service, was over four times heavier that that of the purpose-built aircraft carrier HiryÅ«. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Classe_Hiyō&oldid=166893903, Classe de porte-avions de la Marine impériale japonaise, Portail:Seconde Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, Portail:Histoire militaire/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Larix kaempferi is a deciduous Tree growing to 45 m (147ft) by 8 m (26ft) at a fast rate. To facilitate this process, they were fitted with a double hull, additional fuel oil capacity, provisions for the fitting of additional transverse and longitudinal bulkheads, installation of a longitudinal bulkhead to separate the turbine rooms, a strengthened main deck, more height between decks, rearrangement of the superstructure and passenger accommodations to facilitate the installation of aircraft elevators and hangars, more space for additional wiring, installation of a bulbous bow and the addition of aviation gasoline storage tanks fore and aft of the machinery spaces. Nov 27, 2020 - Hiyō was an aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy Begun as the ocean liner Izumo Maru she was converted to a carrier in 1941 Ship- Hiyō class aircraft carrier. Efforts to camouflage the ship began on 23 April and she was reclassified as a guard ship on 20 June. [19], The repairs were abandoned in March 1945 for lack of materials and the ship was moved from the dock to Ebisu Bay, Sasebo on 1 April. She was assigned to the Fourth Carrier Division of the 1st Air Fleet, together with RyÅ«jō. Junyō was the first of the sisters to be completed in May 1942 and the ship participated in the invasion of the Aleutian Islands the following month. [11] The ships were also initially equipped with eight triple 25 mm Type 96 light AA guns, also in sponsons along the sides of the hull. Get free shipping on orders over $75. They discovered the retiring Japanese fleet during the afternoon of the following day and Vice Admiral Marc Mitscher ordered an air strike launched. "The Japanese Aircraft Carriers Junyo and Hiyo". Malgré les dégâts, le Jun'yō regagne Sasebo le 18, et des réparations commencent. [13], Two Type 94 high-angle fire-control directors, one on each side of the ship, were fitted to control the Type 89 guns. Both ships of the class, Hiyō and Junyō, were originally laid down as luxury passenger liners before being acquired by the IJN for conversion to aircraft carriers in 1941. 1001 Ship (Dai 1001 bankan) and No. While their ship is under repair, HIYO's aircraft (21 A6M2 fighters, 9 B5N2 attack planes, 18 D3A2 dive bombers) and crew are assigned to temporary duty on the light carrier RYUHO. They had a beam of 26.7 meters (87 ft 7 in) and a draft of 8.15 meters (26 ft 9 in). The ship was tasked to support the invasion of the Aleutian Islands, a diversionary thrust in support of the attack on Midway. Most of its remaining personnel were assigned to Air Group 653. Laid down November 20, 1939 as the fast luxury passenger liner Idzumo Maru by Nippon Yusen Kaisha (Japan Mail Steamship company) but was instead purchased by the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in 1940 along with her sistership Kashiwara Maru which became Junyō. Begun as the ocean liner Izumo Maru (出雲丸) in 1939, she was purchased by the Navy Ministry in 1941 for conversion to an aircraft carrier. A dozen single mounts were also added, some of which were portable and could be mounted on tie-down points on the flight deck. [13] Each 12-centimeter (4.7 in) rocket weighed 22.5 kilograms (50 lb) and had a maximum velocity of 200 m/s (660 ft/s). ¹åž‹èˆªç©ºæ¯è‰¦, Hiyō-gata kōkÅ«bokan?) Le Hiyō est torpillé en juin de l'année suivante, le Jun'yō en novembre. [21], In late October 1942, during the Guadalcanal Campaign, Junyō took part in the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands. A torpedo hit from one of her B5Ns, however, did force the Americans to abandon their effort to repair Hornet. Each director mounted a 4.5-meter (14 ft 9 in) rangefinder. Saved by Sea, Air & Land. Les deux navires participent à la bataille de Guadalcanal fin 1942. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The ship was not badly damaged, but the damage did stop flight operations. [33], After repairs at Kure, the ship remained in the Inland Sea without aircraft until 27 October when she was tasked to transport material to Borneo. Jentschura, Hansgeorg; Jung, Dieter; Mickel, Peter (1977). [17], Despite being launched several days after Hiyō, Junyō was the first of the pair to be commissioned in May 1942. The ship was deemed not worth the cost to repair by the Americans after the surrender of Japan in September and she was broken up in 1946–47. ¹åž‹èˆªç©ºæ¯è‰¦ Hiyō-gata kōkÅ«bokan) were built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.They were laid down in 1939 and commissioned in 1942. [21], Junyō was hit by two bombs near her island. Junyō was the first of the sisters to be completed in May 1942 and the ship participated in the invasion of the Aleutian Islands the following month. The hangars were served by two square elevators with rounded corners, 14.03 meters (46 ft 0 in) on each side. Although it was possible to fit all these aircraft into the hangars, eight or nine were usually stored on the flight deck to reduce crowding below decks. They spent most of the time after their repairs training and ferrying aircraft before returning to combat. Junyō was initially classified as an auxiliary aircraft carrier (Toketsetsu kokubokan), but following the loss of four Japanese fleet carriers in the Battle of Midway, she was redesignated as a regular carrier (Kokubokan) in July; Hiyō, completed after the loss of the carriers, received that designation from the beginning. (December 2009) Please help improve this article by expanding it. [25], Hiyō had returned to Japan in December and Junyō followed in February. This list may not reflect recent changes . A 3DCG Animation of Imperia Japanese Aircraft Carrier Jyunyo and Hiyo. Droit d'auteur: les textes sont disponibles sous licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions; d’autres conditions peuvent s’appliquer.Voyez les conditions d’utilisation pour plus de détails, ainsi que les crédits graphiques. After the Battle of the Philippine Sea in June 1944, Junyō's anti-aircraft armament was reinforced with three more triple mounts, two twin mounts and 18 single mounts for the 25 mm Type 96 gun. ¹, "Flying Hawk") was the name ship of her class of two aircraft carriers of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). est une classe de porte-avions construits pour la marine impériale japonaise durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Junyō was stricken from the Navy List on 30 November and scrapped between 1 June 1946 and 1 August 1947 by the Sasebo Ship Company. ¹åž‹èˆªç©ºæ¯è‰¦,Hiyō-gata kōkÅ«bokan?) [9] They fired .25-kilogram (0.55 lb) projectiles at a muzzle velocity of 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 7,500 meters (8,202 yd), and an effective ceiling of 5,500 meters (18,000 ft) at +85°. The two carriers were intended to play a prominent role in the Japanese effort to retake Guadalcanal Island and were assigned to the Advance Force for this operation. Both ships of the class were originally laid down as luxury passenger liners before being acquired by the IJN for conversion to aircraft carriers in 1941. [31], At dusk, the Japanese turned away to the northwest to regroup and to refuel and the Americans turned west to close the distance. Retrouvez Japanese Aircraft Carrier Jun'yō: Hiyō Class Aircraft Carrier, Imperial Japanese Navy, Battle of the Aleutian Islands et des millions de livres … [19] On 15 October, the two carriers reached the vicinity of Malaita Island in the Solomon Islands and their aircraft discovered a resupply convoy for Guadalcanal that was escorted by the destroyer Meredith. Elles sont stoppées en mars 1945 par manque de moyens, et le navire sera capturé par les Américains puis démoli en 1946 - 1947. ¹åž‹èˆªç©ºæ¯è‰¦, Hiyō-gata kōkÅ«bokan) were built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. The ship was under repair and refit until 29 February 1944 at Kure. [24] In December 1942 – January 1943, the carrier covered several convoys that brought reinforcements to Wewak, New Guinea and her air group was based there for several days to protect the forces there before returning to Truk on 20 January. Some of her aircraft were transferred to her sister before she departed. Lors de la bataille de la mer des Philippines mi-1944, le premier est coulé par une torpille lancée par un Avenger de l'USS Belleau Wood, alors que le second est sévèrement endommagé par des bombes. [26] The ships returned to Japan in late May and sailed for Truk on 7 June,[19] but Hiyō was torpedoed that evening and forced to return to port for repairs. The ships were ordered as the fast luxury passenger liners Izumo Maru and Kashiwara Maru by Nippon Yusen Kaisha (Japan Mail Steamship Company-NYK) in late 1938. Jump to: navigation, search. The next day, they found the small seaplane tender, McFarland, in Lunga Roads offloading avgas into barges. [3], Both ships were fitted with two Mitsubishi-Curtis geared steam turbine sets with a total of 56,250 shaft horsepower (41,950 kW), each driving a 5.5-meter (18 ft) propeller. They also mounted two Type 3 crash barricades. Each hangar could be subdivided by four fire curtains and they had fire fighting foam dispensers on each side. Each hangar could be subdivided by four fire curtains and they were fitted with fire fighting foam dispensers on each side. Military Weapons Military Aircraft Sasebo Japan Navy Carriers Military Aircraft Sasebo Japan Navy Carriers Four Type 95 directors controlled the 25 mm guns and another pair were added in early 1943. As a result of the lessons learned from the Battle of Midway in June, the ships' fighter complement was strengthened to 21 Zeros, and the other aircraft reduced to 12 D3As and 9 B5Ns. [19] The air groups of both carriers were reconstituted at Singapore on 1 November. An American technical team evaluated the ship's condition on 8 October and deemed her a constructive total loss. were built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during World War II.Both ships of the class, Hiyō and Junyō, were originally laid down as luxury passenger liners before being acquired by the IJN for conversion to aircraft carriers in 1941. The maximum effective rate of fire was only between 110 and 120 rounds per minute due to the frequent need to change the fifteen-round magazines. Both ships returned to Truk in late March[19][21] and their air groups were detached from in early April to participate in Operation I-Go, a land-based aerial offensive against Allied bases in the Solomon Islands and New Guinea. [26] The aircraft transferred to Truk on 1 December and then to Kavieng at the end of December before reaching Rabaul on 25 January 1944; the survivors were back at Truk on 20 February and the air group was disbanded. ¹åž‹èˆªç©ºæ¯è‰¦, Hiyō-gata kōkÅ«bokan?) Begun as the ocean liner Izumo Maru (出雲丸) in 1939, she was purchased by the Navy Ministry in 1941 for conversion to an aircraft carrier. Retrouvez Japanese Aircraft Carrier Hiyō: Hiyō Class Aircraft Carrier, Imperial Japanese Navy, Japanese Aircraft Carrier Junyō, Pacific War, USS Trigger et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. [15] A smaller Type 3, Mark 1, Model 3 air search radar was added in 1944 on Junyō. Steam was provided by six water-tube boilers; Junyō had Mitsubishi three-drum boilers that operated at a pressure of 40 kg/cm2 (3,923 kPa; 569 psi) and temperature of 420 Â°C (788 Â°F) while Hiyō had Kawasaki-La Mont boilers. Junyō's armament was ordered removed on 5 August and the ship was surrendered to the Allies on 2 September. Jump to: navigation, search. [27] The ship was under repair at Yokosuka until 15 September. The ship was under repair until March 1945 when the repairs were deemed uneconomical. Her aircraft made hits on the carrier Hornet, the battleship South Dakota and the light cruiser San Juan, but inflicted little substantial damage. Kashiwara Maru and Izumo Maru were temporarily referred to as No. Hiyō was sunk by a gasoline vapor explosion caused by an American torpedo hit during the Battle of the Philippine Sea in mid-1944 while Junyō was damaged by several bombs. Both ships participated in several battles during the Guadalcanal Campaign in late 1942. [28], Junyō ferried aircraft to Singapore in mid-August and troops and equipment to the Caroline Islands the following month. [5] A large island was fitted on the starboard side that was integrated with, for the first time in a Japanese carrier, the ship's funnel. In exchange for a 60% subsidy of their building costs by the Navy Ministry, they were designed to be converted to aircraft carriers. They carried 4,100 metric tons (4,000 long tons) of fuel oil which gave them a range of 11,700 nautical miles (21,700 km; 13,500 mi) or more at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph). In Lambert, Andrew. The two Hiyō-class aircraft carriers were built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during World War II. En manque d'avions, la marine impériale japonaise l'utilise alors comme navire de transport avant qu'il ne soit torpillé par trois sous-marins américains le 9 décembre 1944. She was hit by three torpedoes, but she was able to proceed on one engine. Hiyō-class aircraft carrier ~ Template:Hiyō class aircraft carrier; H. Japanese aircraft carrier Hiyō ; J. Japanese aircraft carrier Jun'yō; Last edited on 4 April 2013, at 13:08. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Japanese aircraft carrier Hiy ō. Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Japanese naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Hiyō-class_aircraft_carrier?oldid=4441360, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 11,700 nmi (21,700 km; 13,500 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Shipyard, Nagasaki. [19] Air Group 652 claimed two Grumman F6F Hellcat fighters and nine Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo bombers shot down, but lost 11 aircraft, plus another three that had to ditch. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 30 janvier 2020 à 15:56. Deux navires sont construits, le Hiyō et le Jun'yō. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion ¹ "Flying Hawk") was a Hiyō-class aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy.Begun as an ocean liner in 1939, she was purchased by the Navy Ministry in 1941 for conversion to an aircraft carrier.

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